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Updated Reference Guide for Essential Oils: 2017 Edition

Since first being published in 1996, the Reference Guide for Essential Oils has been updated many times to stay the most up-to-date reference guide in the essential oil industry. This latest edition includes many improvements, not only to the design, but also to include new products, essential oils, and information.

Now 688 pages, this definitive guide is a great resource for essential oil beginners and experts alike. If you use essential oils, you’ll want to have this book in your personal library!

Here are some of the features you’ll find in this edition:

ah_rg2017_cover_tocNew design and images throughout the book. The Reference Guide for Essential Oils just got even more beautiful with full-sized images for section headers and additional images for essential oils, oil blends, personal care products, and supplements! You will love how colorful this book is now!

Easy-to-understand information about the science behind the essential oils and how to use them. In Science & Application section, you can learn about the basics of essential oils and more advanced scientific information such as the chemical constituents that make up essential oils and why the constituents make essential oils beneficial for our health. Among other topics addressed in this section, you can also learn about the 3 different application methods—aromatic, topical, and internal—and various practical ways to apply the oils to yourself or others.

ah_rg2017_singleoilsDetailed information for over 100 single essential oils. Each essential oil in the Single Oils section outlines information about the oil including botanical family, extraction method/origin, chemical constituents, properties, common primary uses, folklore, historical uses, other possible uses, body systems affected, aromatic influence, application, oral use as a dietary supplement, safety data, blend classification, and other oils it blends well with. The newest addition to this section is Juniperus oxycedrus.

ah_rg2017_oilblendsDetailed information for commercially available essential oil blends. In the Oil Blends section, you’ll learn about what single oils make up each blend and their purpose in the blend, the body systems each blend affects, its aromatic influence, application, safety data, companion oils, frequency, and other pertinent information. A new blend was just added to this edition.

ah_rg2017_personalcareDetailed information for commercially available essential oil personal care products. Under each product, the Personal Care Products section lists the ingredients, essential oils and their purpose in the product, suggested use, and body systems affected. Various new personal care products have just been added to this section.

ah_rg2017_supplementsDetailed information for commercially available essential oil–inspired supplements. In the Supplements section, you will find information about each supplement such as ingredients, essential oils and their purpose in the supplement, suggested use, safety data, body systems affected, companion products, companion oils, frequency, and additional comments. Various new supplements have been added to this edition.

ah_rg2017_notesA place to keep personal notes. As you use essential oils, you will inevitably have information you want to write down such as personal experiences of oils that have worked for you, diffuser blends, new products, ideas, protocols, suggestions from others, etc. The Notes & New Products section gives you a place to keep all these thoughts together.

ah_rg2017_personalguideOver 600 conditions/ailments with suggested essential oils, oil blends, personal care products, and supplements to try. The Personal Guide is the most-used section of the book because it is the easiest way to find what essential oils you may need to help your health condition. This section outlines the primary essential oil recommendations in purple and the secondary essential oil recommendations in green. You will also find recommended application methods (A=Aromatic, T=Topical, I=Internal). If there are personal care products or supplements that may help, they will be listed under the condition as well. You may also find essential oil recipes, protocols, and others’ personal recommendations.


Easy-to-reference charts and graphs. This book includes additional information, charts, and graphs in the appendix of the book for easy reference.

References to scientific research studies. Hundreds of footnotes throughout this book lead to summaries and references for more than 300 published research studies on essential oils and essential oil constituents.

This book’s unique color-coded system makes it simple for anyone to quickly find—and confidently use—recommended essential oils, oil blends, and essential oil–inspired supplements for hundreds of different health and wellness conditions.

Join the millions of individuals who are rediscovering the natural healing powers of essential oils with the Reference Guide for Essential Oils!

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Comparing Bottle Sizes with Different Measuring Systems

Do you get confused with all the different measuring systems for bottle sizes? Some bottles are measured by millileters, others by ounces, and some by drams. Wouldn’t it be nice to just have a standard measuring system that could be applied to all bottles? Unfortunately, this isn’t possible with all bottles. Even if you measured them all by drops (which can change based on the liquid the bottle contains), it would just be too impractical to call a 2 oz. bottle a 1,182-drop bottle instead. Try remembering that one!


Since there isn’t a good way to have just one measuring system, we’ve put together a chart to help you compare the sizes a little better. First, let’s define what each of these measurements mean.

  • Milliliter (ml): Milliliters are used in the metric measurement system to measure units of liquid volume. One milliliter is equal to 1 cubic centimeter or 1/1000 of a liter.
  • Dram (fl. dr.): Drams come from the old English apothecary system and are used to measure units of liquid volume. One dram is equal to 1/8 of an ounce, or 3.697 milliliters.
  • Ounce (fl. oz.): Fluid ounces are used in the imperial measurement system to measure units of liquid volume. One fluid ounce is equal to 1/8 of a cup, or 29.574 milliliters.
  • Drop: Actual drop sizes can vary significantly, depending on the thickness of the oil and the size of the dropper. For purposes of this chart, we are using the pharmaceutical standard drop, or 0.05 milliliters. This is the approximate size of a drop of water.

Container Size Comparison Chart

Container Size = drams milli-
ounces cups table-

‘0’ Capsule


a. .135

a. .5

a. 1/64

a. 1/512

a. 1/32

a. 1/11

a. 10

’00’ Capsule


a. .189

a. .7

a. 1/40

a. 1/320

a. 1/20

a. 1/7

a. 14

1/6 dram








a. 12

1/4 dram








a. 18

1/2 dram








a. 37

5/8 dram








a. 46

1 dram








a. 74

2 dram








a. 147

4 dram








a. 295

5 ml




a. 1/6

a. 1/48

a. 1/3

a. 1

a. 100

10 ml




a. 1/3

a. 1/24

a. 2/3

a. 2

a. 200

15 ml




a. 1/2

a. 1/16

a. 1

a. 3

a. 300

30 ml




a. 1

a. 1/8

a. 2

a. 6

a. 600

1 oz.



a. 30





a. 591

2 oz.



a. 60





a. 1,182

4 oz.



a. 120





a. 2,365

6 oz.



a. 180





a. 3,548

8 oz.



a. 240





a. 4,731

12 oz.



a. 360





a. 7,097

16 oz.



a. 480





a. 9,463

32 oz.



a. 960





a. 18,927

64 oz.



a. 1,920





a. 37,854

*a. indicates approximate measurements. All other measurements are exact.

For more images comparing bottle sizes and other information, please visit the Bottle Size Information page on our website, AbundantHealth4u.com.

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Good Night Diffuser Blend for Your Whisper Diffuser

Do you have a favorite diffuser? One of our favorite diffusers is the Whisper Premium Silent Misting Diffuser, and we want to tell you all about it!


State-of-the-Art Technology

The Whisper diffuser is an ultrasonic/humidifying diffuser that uses water and ultrasonic vibration (2.5 million vibrations per second) to break essential oils into tiny microparticles, dispersing the oil in a fine mist. This is important because these tiny particles are easily absorbed by the lungs to provide a therapeutic effect on the body, mind, and spirit.

The Whisper diffuser also uses a revolutionary, patented technology in which the water that is in the base with the ultrasonic disc is separate from the water that holds the essential oil. This makes it possible to diffuse even the thickest of essential oils (such as patchouli, sandalwood, and ylang ylang) that won’t work in many other diffusers. And because the oil never touches the moving parts, you don’t need to worry about your diffuser clogging or its parts gumming up. Its flexible liner, where the water and essential oil are held, extends the life of the diffuser by preventing contact of the oils and the ultrasonic vibrating disc. The cup is designed for continuous contact with oils, withstanding corrosion from even your strongest essential oils like lemon and cinnamon.

Another important fact is that this diffuser uses no heat. This is important because too much heat can chemically alter essential oils and lessen their therapeutic benefits. The Whisper diffuser uses cold tap water and the ultrasonic disc to create a cold, essential oil–laden mist.

The Whisper diffuser also comes with a 1-year warranty, so you can be confident that it will last a while or we will replace it.

Want to know more about ultrasonic/humidfying diffusion or the other diffusion methods? Read this article.

Quiet Diffusion

If you have ever used a diffuser before, you know that noise level (or lack thereof) can be a very important quality—especially when you want to diffuse at night while you are sleeping. You’ll be amazed at how quiet the Whisper diffuser is! Even sitting right next to it, all you will hear is the occasional soft sound of moving water (which has been shown to help promote relaxation anyway).


Cleanup is Quick and Easy!

Because the essential oils don’t come in contact with the ultrasonic disc, this diffuser doesn’t require a cleaning after every cycle like other humidifying diffusers. However, you will want to clean it every once in a while. To do so, just take a wet cloth (add a little vinegar if there are hard water deposits) and wipe all the parts. Dip a cotton swab in rubbing alcohol, and gently clean the ultrasonic disc in the base of the diffuser as well as the flexible liner cup. And . . . that’s it! Trust us, cleanup is a breeze!

Conserves Your Essential Oil

The Whisper diffuser is wonderful at conserving your expensive oils, because it doesn’t require much oil to diffuse it effectively. Just 2–6 drops of oil can fill a large room with aromatic goodness for hours!

Various Timer Settings and Automatic Shut-off Feature

One of the main reasons the Whisper diffuser is great for nighttime use is that it has timer settings that allow for diffusion all night long. The innovative two-way timer lets you continuously scent your environment for 50 minutes straight, or set an intermittent cycle (such as 15 seconds on, 30 seconds off) to make your oils last for as long as 9 hours. There are 6 timer settings so that you can better choose the length of the cycle.

An automatic shut-off feature activates when the water in the base reaches the minimum level, preventing damage to the internal mechanisms.

As an extra bonus, the Whisper diffuser automatically adjusts to input voltage (110–240 VAC, 47–63 Hz). So it will work almost anywhere in the world! (However, a plug adapter may be required outside the United States.)

Color Options

Are you ready to purchase your own Whisper Premium Silent Misting Diffuser yet? The decision-making isn’t over yet—you have 3 color options to choose from: Classic Silver, Blue Floral, or White.

Once you get your diffuser, try out this diffuser blend recipe to help promote relaxation and a sound sleep!




5 Beneficial Ways to Use Epsom Salts

You may or may not know that Epsom Salt is actually not salt at all. It is a mineral compound of magnesium and sulfate. Epsom salt has been used for many, many years to relieve stress, flush toxins from the body, reduce inflammation, and ease pain. It is also an ingredient in many aromatherapy formulas. This versatile product has dozens of health-promoting uses. We have included 5 of our favorite ways to use epsom salts.


1. Body Scrubs

Body scrubs are a great way to use epsom salts. They exfoliate and help replenish magnesium levels in the skin. Our recipe for Lemon Rosemary Body Scrub has a wonderful scent and will help you feel great after a shower.

2. Laundry Scent Enhancer

Are you looking for a way to enhance the scent of your laundry without all the toxic chemicals? Epsom salts mixed with essential oils is a safe alternative to a store-bought scent enhancer. The Epsom Salts absorb the scent of the essential oils. When added to to your regular laundry cycle, the lovely scent is distributed onto your linens, towels, and clothing.

3. Bath Salts

Flush heavy metals and toxins from your body with a relaxing epsom salt bath. The sulfates in epsom salt help pull the harmful substances from your body and relieve muscle tension. A 20-minute epsom salt bath once a week is a healthy practice. Following are a couple of ideas to get you started with your epsom salt bath routine.

  • Try this mixture in your bath: 1/2 cup (110 g) baking soda, 1 cup (240 g) epsom salts, and 2–3 drops of lavender essential oil. Add them to an extremely warm or hot bath under running water.
  • When you are down to a few drops in your essential oil bottle, remove the cap and orifice reducer, and place them and the bottle in a jar of epsom salt. After a couple days, the Epsom Salts will absorb the oil. Not only will you get the benefits of the epsom salt in your bath, but you will also benefit from the scent of your favorite essential oil.
  • Try adding heavy cream to your epsom salt bath for silky smooth skin. Our recipe for Romantic Cream Bath Salts is a delightful way to incorporate epsom salts into your bath.

4. Plant Growth Booster


Studies have shown that adding Epsom Salts to your plants helps them grow healthier and stronger and keeps bugs at bay. Try mixing 1 Tbsp. (15 g) epsom salt into the soil surrounding your plants, or add 1 Tbsp. (15 g) of it to a gallon of water, and use the mixture about once a month to water your plants for great results.

5. Hair Care

Woman washing her hair on white tiles background.

To decrease oily hair, add 2 Tbsp. (30 g) of Epsom Salt to your regular shampoo, and wash as normal.

To add volume to your hair, add 1 cup (240 g) epsom salt to a cup of conditioner. Warm it over the stove in a small pan, and stir to combine. Wash your hair as normal; then add the warmed conditioning mixture, and leave it on your hair for 20 minutes. Rinse it out thoroughly.


We hope this post has been useful to you! Be sure to comment and let us know how you have used epsom salts to promote a healthy lifestyle.

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Essential Oils and Dilution

We have been asked a lot about recommended dilution amounts when using essential oils. The amount of dilution needed depends largely on many different factors, such as the essential oil being used and whether or not the person is a child, has sensitive skin, is pregnant, is diabetic, or is dealing with epilepsy or high blood pressure. For detailed information on each essential oil, please see the Reference Guide for Essential Oils by Alan and Connie Higley, pp. 573–589. The information provided in this post consists of general tips and recommendations.


The information on this page is for educational purposes only. It is not meant to be used to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any disease, illness, or injury. Seek professional medical attention for any disease, illness, or injury.

First, it may be important to define a few terms.

Neat: This refers to the essential oil being applied without dilution.

Dilution: This refers to combining an essential oil with a carrier oil so that its effects are not so concentrated in one area.

Carrier Oil: A carrier oil is a vegetable oil derived from the fatty portion of a plant, usually from the seeds, kernels, or the nuts. Carrier oils are used to dilute and “carry” an essential oil into the skin during topical application.

Why should I dilute essential oils?

Since essential oils are really potent, and some oils may cause irritation, diluting the essential oil with a carrier oil is recommended. Children, pregnant women, and those with sensitive skin should always dilute essential oils. Diluting an essential oil in carrier oil is also a great way to help spread the essential oils over a larger area.

How do I dilute an essential oil?

To dilute an essential oil, simply mix the essential oil with the recommended amount of carrier oil. You can do this at the time of application by mixing the oils in the palm of your hand or in a small glass dish; or you can prepare a diluted essential oil mixture ahead of time and store it in a bottle. A roll-on bottle (or roller bottle) is useful for diluting an essential oil for topical application and applying essential oils easily to the skin. A dropper bottle can help you easily dilute essential oils to take internally by capsule.


What are the recommended dilution ratios?

In general, many essential oils can be used neat, but some do require dilution. For most adults, a 1:1 or 1:2 ratio (essential oil drop:carrier oil drop) is a good rule of thumb for most oils. For “hot” oils, such as cassia, cinnamon, clove, oregano, thyme, lemongrass, or lemon myrtle, the recommended dilution ratio is 1:4.
For children, pregnant women, or those with sensitive skin, we recommend diluting 1 drop of essential oil in 1–3 tsp. of carrier oil.

What are good carrier oils to dilute an essential oil with?

Some great carrier oils for diluting essential oils include Almond Oil, Fractionated Coconut Oil, Jojoba Oil, Coconut Oil, and olive oil.

Fractionated Coconut Oil (FCO) is a common carrier oil because it is clear, odorless, and absorbs easily into the skin.

You can also use a dilution stick like this one to rub onto the skin before applying the essential oils.


What do I do if I get a reaction on my skin from an essential oil?

If a rash develops or you feel a burning sensation after applying essential oils, you may not have diluted the oil enough. To help relieve the pain, simply apply more carrier oil to the area. It is important to note that water will not help relieve the pain but may actually increase it, because water will drive the oils deeper into the tissue.

What do I do if I get essential oils in my eyes or other sensitive areas?

First, DO NOT try using water to wash the oils out. Water and oil do not mix, and the water will actually drive the oils deeper. If you get oils in your eyes, wash your eyes with a little carrier oil such as coconut oil. If oils come in contact with other sensitive areas of the body, apply carrier oil to the area to help dilute the essential oils.

What does photosensitive mean?

Using some oils, such as lemon, orange, grapefruit, mandarin, bergamot, angelica, etc., before or during exposure to direct sunlight or UV rays (tanning beds, etc.) may cause a rash, pigmentation, or even severe burns. These oils are designated as photosensitive, and care should be taken after applying these oils on the skin to protect the skin from direct, prolonged ultraviolet light exposure for 1–3 days.

Source: Reference Guide for Essential Oils by Connie and Alan Higley, 2014 Edition

This information has been designed to help educate the reader in regard to the subject matter covered. This information is provided with the understanding that the publisher, the authors, and Abundant Health™, LLC, are not liable for the misconception or misuse of the information provided. It is not provided in order to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any disease, illness, or injured condition of the body. The authors, publisher, and Abundant Health™, LLC, shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss, damage, or injury caused or alleged to be caused, directly or indirectly, by this information. The information presented is in no way intended as a substitute for medical counseling. Anyone suffering from any disease, illness, or injury should consult a qualified health care professional.

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Tools to Make an EO Life Easier: The Hole Punch

Today’s post in the series “Tools to Make an EO Life Easier” is about our Sample Vial Hole Punch.


This hole punch is the perfect size for attaching sample bottles (1/4 dram and 5/8 dram sizes) to any paper product.


If you have information about essential oils, you can use this hole punch to attach a sample vial to it and pass it along to someone who needs it. The hole punch works best with thicker paper, such as cardstock, photo paper, business cards, greeting cards, recipe cards, etc. You can even attach a sample bottle to a Mini Reference Card!


To assemble your sample cards, simply punch the card or paper you would like to share, and attach a ¼ dram or ⅝ dram sample vial through the hole by taking off the cap, sliding the neck of the vial through the hole, and putting the cap back on. For more accurate cuts, try using the hole punch upside down. It also has a lock on the bottom that accommodates for safe, stackable storage.

What would you attach a sample vial to?

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Recipes for Your BlenderBottle® – Meatballs and Salad Dressing

Have you heard of these BlenderBottles®? Perhaps you already have one that you use for shakes, but did you know that these BlenderBottles® can be used in so many ways for everyday cooking?

Each BlenderBottle® includes the patented, surgical steel BlenderBall® that rotates like a wire whisk inside the bottle to completely blend any liquid or powder ingredients, allowing you to quickly make shakes, salad dressings, drinks, baby formula, eggs, sauces, and so much more! The screw-on lid and snap cap are completely leak-proof, so you can take your bottle anywhere.


Below are a couple examples of recipes that are found in the book 101 Quick and Easy BlenderBottle® Recipes.

Tangy Meatball Bites

  • Servings: 4
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Print


  • 1 lb. ground beef
  • 1 egg
  • 1/2 cup saltine crackers, crushed
  • 2 Tbsp. milk
  • 1/2 tsp. rubbed sage
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1/4 cup ketchup
  • 2 Tbsp. brown sugar
  • 1 Tbsp. soy sauce
  • 1 Tbsp. vinegar


  1. In a medium bowl, combine ground beef, egg, crackers, milk, and sage. Mix well, and shape into 1-inch balls.
  2. In a large skillet, brown meatballs over medium heat; drain.
  3. In a small BlenderBottle®, mix the rest of the ingredients. Pour over meatballs, and bring to a boil. Reduce heat, and cover for 15–20 minutes or until meatball centers are no longer pink and are thoroughly cooked.

Note from Abundant Health™: This recipe also tastes great with essential oils! Try adding 1 drop each of rosemary, sage, thyme, and/or oregano essential oil to either the meatballs or the sauce.

Source: 101 Quick and Easy BlenderBottle® Recipes, p. 22

Strawberry Spinach Salad

  • Servings: 4
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Print


  • 2 Tbsp. sesame seeds
  • 1 Tbsp. poppy seeds
  • 1/2 cup white sugar
  • 1/2 cup olive oil
  • 1/4 cup distilled white vinegar
  • 1/4 tsp. paprika
  • 1/4 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
  • 1/8 tsp. onion powder
  • 10 oz. fresh spinach (rinsed, dried, and torn into bite-size pieces)
  • 1 quart strawberries (cleaned, hulled, and sliced)
  • 1/4 cup almonds, sliced


  1. Mix first 8 ingredients in a small BlenderBottle®. Chill dressing for 1 hour.
  2. In a large salad bowl, combine spinach, strawberries, and almonds. Pour dressing over salad, and toss to coat. Refrigerate for 10 to 15 minutes before serving.

Source: 101 Quick and Easy BlenderBottle® Recipes, p. 69

What have you used your BlenderBottle® for? We would love to hear from you!

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DIY Dog Shampoo and the Abundant Health™ Holiday Gift Guide

It’s time to start thinking about holiday gifts, and we’ve got some great ideas for you! The Abundant Health™ Holiday Gift Guide will help you give your holiday gifts a new spin this year with lots of exciting essential oil gift ideas!


The holiday season is a great time to introduce others to the the wonderful benefits of essential oils! The gift guide contains ideas for both beginner and experienced oil users, so you are sure to find something to give to the people in your life. The gift guide could also be given as a gift because it contains various essential oil–related recipes and ideas. The recipe below is featured in this holiday gift guide.

Click here to view a pdf of the Abundant Health™ Holiday Gift Guide.


DIY Dog Shampoo

  • Servings: 8 oz.
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Print



  1. Mix all ingredients together in an 8 oz. Plastic Bottle.

Note: The mixture is watery but works great for keeping your dog smelling great. It can be a support to your dog’s fur and skin.

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Tools to Make an EO Life Easier: Dropper Tops

Today’s post in the series “Tools to Make an EO Life Easier” is about dropper tops. This handy tool is often called many things like an eye dropper, glass pipette, dropper cap, glass tube with a rubber bulb, etc. We are going to refer to it as a dropper top.


Have you ever wondered how to get oil inside a capsule without oil dripping down the side and all over your fingers? Well, this dropper top is the way to go! Bonus hint: If you tend to take the same essential oil formula in capsules, then the simplest way to make up capsules is to create a custom blend in a new bottle with a dropper top. Fill half of the bottle with your customized essential oil blend; then fill the rest of the bottle with a carrier oil that can be ingested like olive oil. The carrier oil helps dilute the essential oils a little for easier digestion.

These handy dropper caps also make filling samples like the 1/4 dram and 5/8 dram sample bottles a breeze! Simply suction some oil up in the glass tube, and then release it into a sample vial for a mess-free filling.

Dropper tops are the EO cook’s best friend! Because essential oils are very potent, a small amount goes a long way, and sometimes that accidental 2nd drop can make a big difference. But, if you have dropper tops on your cooking oils (or get these cute little sample dropper bottles to take up less space), you can get the exact number of drops you need for your recipe. Also, as another bonus, the dropper top is easier to remove than the standard orifice reducer and cap when you need to just dip a toothpick into the oil bottle. Win-win!

We offer bottles with dropper tops in many different sizes as well as the dropper tops alone. This one fits a standard 15 ml bottle if you just want to replace your current bottle cap.

If you have old dropper tops, you can convert them into a neat diffuser like this Candlewick Room Diffuser.

What are ways you use a dropper top?

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Tools to Make an EO Life Easier: Funnels

Whenever we explain to a customer why we carry certain items, we tend to get a response similar to these:

  • “That’s a great idea!”
  • “Wow, that would make it easy!”
  • “I never would have thought of that!”

Because of these reactions, we thought we would write a few small posts and give some pointers on how some of our “random” items can be used with essential oils to make your life easier. Of course, these tools could have even more possibilities than the ones we list, so please let us know how you would use them!

So, today, let’s talk about funnels.

Have you ever wasted oil when you try to transfer it from your regular oil bottle to a sample vial? We offer a funnel that has a small opening (about 1/4″) at the bottom—small enough to fit in a 1/4 dram or 5/8 dram sample vial. So next time you are filling sample vials, use a funnel and be worry free.

Do you hate cleaning up the big mess you make when you try to transfer your liquified lip balm creation to the chapstick dispensers? Try a funnel for a mess-free transfer.

Are you tired of cleaning off the sides of your carrier oil (like olive oil, jojoba oil, or fractionated coconut oil) when you are filling a roll-on bottle? A funnel gives you a wider opening to pour into so you don’t have to be as careful when pouring.

A funnel can make many essential oil DIY projects like lotion, candlewick aromatherapy diffuser, hair detangler spray, garden spray, and lavender bubble bath a breeze to make.

What are some ways you would use this mini funnel?